Methane flare Methane flare

The fastest way to slow global warming

Human-caused methane emissions are responsible for at least 25% of the warming we are experiencing. The oil and gas industry is a major source.

EDF is leading the charge to reduce methane emissions worldwide.

Clean air
Tesla clean energy truck
Clean energy

Across North America, climate-polluting methane and other dangerous pollutants are leaking from millions of inactive oil and gas wells whose owners are insolvent or unidentifiable. Early in 2020, EDF’s Dr. Shareen Yawanarajah, a petroleum geologist, met with Canadian officials and suggested a solution: Use federal funds to plug those wells, creating jobs and cutting dangerous pollution.


more powerful than carbon dioxide for 20 years after it’s emitted, methane is a serious climate threat.


Infrared footage of methane leak, January 12, 2020

Since Canada’s powerful oil and gas industry was lobbying at the very same time against methane protections, “I expected the worst,” Yawanarajah confesses. To her delight, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced a $1.7 billion plan to clean up wells and create thousands of jobs. EDF is now helping shape a similar stimulus program in the United States.

orphan well
More than 125,000 wells in Canada no longer produce oil and gas, but can still leak methane.

We have an opportunity here to make the industry cleaner from start to finish.

Dr. Shareen Yawanarajah Senior Policy Manager, Global Energy
Dr. Shareen Yawanarajah

Dr. Yawanarajah, the leaked memo and Trudeau's surprise

Finding methane leaks

Cutting methane emissions is the fastest and most effective way to slow the rate of global warming. EDF is at the forefront of this effort. Our groundbreaking work has exposed how pervasive oil and gas methane emissions are. A new satellite from our subsidiary MethaneSAT LLC will locate and quantify these emissions around the world with unrivaled precision — making them impossible for companies to ignore.

In Europe, the European Commission’s new methane strategy aligns with many of EDF’s recommendations, and it includes a monitoring and verification system designed by EDF scientists. The commission is considering a methane standard for imported gas — the EU is the world’s largest market — which would cut emissions internationally.

Render of MethaneSAT satellite in space
MethaneSAT will be ready for launch in late 2022, holding companies and countries accountable for oil and gas methane pollution.

Very soon, nobody is going to be able to hide from methane leakage.

Mike Wirth CEO, Chevron

States take action

In the United States, EDF’s research in the Permian Basin, the world’s largest oil field, revealed that companies are emitting nearly three times more methane than previously thought. Our science-based advocacy, including our work with affected communities such as the Navajo Nation, helped spur New Mexico, New York and Pennsylvania to propose rules to cut this pollution. California, Colorado and Wyoming already limit methane emissions, laying the groundwork for the Biden EPA to reinstate and expand methane regulations nationwide.

Today's technology can eliminate 75% of oil and gas methane emissions; nearly half can be cut at no net cost
Source: International Energy Agency

Methane hunters in the Permian Basin

Permian Basin findings



More emissions than any other oil and gas basin in the United States

data-estimates EPA estimate Study estimate


More emissions than what the EPA estimates

data-emissions Industry target Permian leak rates EPA estimate


More emissions than the target set by the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative

Share this win

Tesla clean energy truck Tesla clean energy truck
Next up

Moving the U.S. toward 100% clean